What is the significance of food security?

People have food security when they have sufficient food at all times to maintain the healthy life. They must have adequate nutritious food at all time easily to be considered food secure. It consists of three elements.

Food access

People in a community can consider food secure when they have easy access to the nutritious food. They can access food by purchasing from the market. They can borrow it from any source. They can produce at their own expense in the land. Food can be accessed through gift or aid by others.

Food availability

Food security means that food must be available to the people at all times on regular basis. This food can be available through the production at agricultural land, stock, and aid from others.

Food utilization

Food should be available for the health maintenance. It must be nutritious and available after cooking. Cooking should be done with the care of hygiene practices and water purification. Food must cast positive impact on the health of people.

Significance

Security of food is essential to maintain the healthy life of individuals in a society. If food access, availability, and utilization are weak then people would have the insecurity of food. It results in hunger for the population in a society. It impacts on the health of people in a negative way.

Types of food insecurity

Food insecurity occurs due to food non-availability, non-utilization, and non-access. This insecurity can be of two types.

Chronic

Chronic insecurity of food occurs when people do not have sufficient food for a long period of time. They have inadequate food consistently in this situation.

Temporal

This food insecurity occurs when food is not sufficient for a shorter period of time. This less availability of food may be due to different factors such as insufficient income, a price increase of food items and non-availability of food due to poor agricultural activities. This is termed as the hungry season. Poor people in a society may face temporal insecurity of food due to high prices of food items.

Food security help people to grow and maintain their standard of life. Insufficiency of food may lead to the:

Malnutrition

It occurs as a result of non-availability of essential nutrients in food items. This may cause the death of an individual. Annually, 15-20 million death occurs due to malnutrition. Proper nutrients are essential to maintaining the healthy life. Security of food destroys if nutrients are not included in food items.

Undernourishment

Undernourishment is associated with the lack of calories in the food items. This results in the disability of certain parts of body and weaknesses in the body. This may result into chronic diseases such as cancer and heart failure. Food security is essential for maintain the healthy life.

So food security is very important for the standard of life and health maintenance. Poor people in different countries have food insecurity due to insufficient food caused by certain factors. We can provide aid and gifts to such people for the proper availability of food items at all time.